How do pregnant women protect themselves from the heat and sun?

High temperature will bring great pressure and harm to the body, such as heatstroke and skin lesions. For pregnant women, high temperature and sunshine are places that need special attention. Because for pregnant women, the side effects of high temperature may be greater.

If you are a new mother or a pregnant woman, you may also need to read the following articles:

How do pregnant women protect themselves from the heat and sun

Why is it pregnant?

Pregnant women are often very sensitive to heat. According to the research, pregnant women are the most sensitive group to climate change.

On the one hand, this is good because they quickly notice when cooling is necessary. On the other hand, midsummer temperatures can be quite exhausting for pregnant women.

According to NCT, a British parents charity, pregnant women themselves have a higher body temperature than normal people. If they face hot weather, they may be more prone to heatstroke and dehydration.

If you adjust your daily routine to the summer heat, you can avoid unnecessary stress and risks.

The most important remedies against heat stress are: rest, seek shade, cool well and drink enough. During pregnancy, the body produces more heat than usual because the metabolism and blood circulation are increased. The blood vessels of the skin are dilated and give off heat to the outside. This can lead to occasional hot flushes and sweats even at normal outside temperatures.

Heat increases this effect and can increase general pregnancy symptoms such as circulatory problems, fatigue, heavy and swollen legs.

Tips against overheating

When the body temperature rises, the body cools down by sweating. In the process, it loses liquid and minerals. That’s why it’s important that you drink enough on hot days. If the sun is really popping, it’s best to stay in cool interiors. You should avoid direct sun and heated rooms if possible.

Heat is easier to withstand if you:

  • Avoid physically demanding activities,
  • Keep putting your legs up to relieve the vessels – this also helps against swollen legs and in case of a tendency to varicose veins,
  • Wear airy, wide-cut clothing; light fabrics reflect light better than dark ones, so they also release less heat to the skin,
  • In between cool, for example put a damp cloth on the forehead or refresh the neck with it, keep the forearms under running water or take a cool foot bath, do not shower cold, but lukewarm – the temperature difference due to the sudden cold can be put an additional strain on the circulation,
  • Drink sufficiently (best mineral water) and prefer light, fresh summer food (salad, fruit, vegetables). Fatty food and hard-to-digest strain the circulation, sharpness also have a sweating effect.

Lifestyle change

If you want to do something, it is best to get up early on hot days and take advantage of the pleasant morning temperatures. At noon pregnant women should take an extensive break if they can arrange it. A siesta in a cool, dark room and a refreshing shower will give you a lasting invigoration. In the late afternoon you can continue.

Indoors can be kept cool if they are extensively ventilated at night or early in the morning. As soon as the sun starts to heat, the windows and blinds remain closed. Five minutes of draught are sufficient for the air exchange in between.

A lot of heat slows down everyday life. Especially pregnant women should understand this as an invitation to treat themselves to more peace and quiet. Small breaks for rest and refreshment are more important than ever.

Exercise adapted to the temperatures helps against dullness and circulatory problems. On hot days it is best to go swimming or use the cool morning and evening hours for light exercise, walking or cycling.

Protect outdoors from UV rays

Pregnant women should only enjoy sunbathing with caution, as the pregnancy hormones make the skin particularly sensitive to light. Skin irritation, sun allergies, skin discoloration or pigment spots are therefore more common than usual during pregnancy.

The skin can be effectively protected from sunburn and skin discoloration if three basic rules are observed:

  • If possible, plan outdoor activities for the early morning or late afternoon, as UV radiation is strongest from 12 a.m. to 3 p.m.
  • Choose skin-covering clothing and protect your head with a sun hat or cap. Tightly woven, dark fabric protects against UV rays better than lighter.
  • Apply plenty of UV protective agents with a high light protection factor to uncovered skin.

Especially on the water and in the mountains, but also in slightly cloudy skies, good sun protection is important, because the strength of the summer UV radiation is often underestimated.

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