Many parents think that more sun exposure is good for their babies, so they expose their babies to the sun and do not take too many sun protection measures.
However, the lens transparency of infants is higher than that of adults. It is not easy to filter ultraviolet rays. If exposed directly to sunlight, the retina will be damaged.
Studies have shown that excessive UV exposure in children and youth may cause eye problems at all ages in the future.
Let’s take a look at how to do a good job of sun protection for your baby and form a good habit of sun protection.
Why do eyes need sun protection?
Because there is ultraviolet ray in the sunshine, although the naked eye cannot see it, it should be prevented from being hurt.
According to wavelength, ultraviolet rays can be divided into UVA, UVB and UVC.
- UVC: Can’t reach the earth’s surface because of the ozone layer;
- UVA: UVA accounts for 95% of the ultraviolet rays reaching the earth’s surface, which can tan and wrinkle the skin and accelerate cataract and macular degeneration.
- UVB: Although the remaining UVB is small in proportion, it has high energy and will burn the skin. The cornea of our eyes absorbs most of the UVB and protects the tissues in the eyes.
This is why people who are exposed to ultraviolet light without protection will suffer from “electro-optic ophthalmia”.
It is precisely because ultraviolet rays damage the corneal epithelium that a series of discomfort, such as eye pain, tears, eyes hard to open, etc., will result.
As we said earlier, baby’s eyes are less able to defend against ultraviolet rays than adults, so they should do a good job of sun protection.
Dont miss: How to Choose Sunglasses Good for Eyes
How to do sunscreen work for eyes?
Infants under 6 months old should avoid direct sunlight between 10 and 14 o’clock. Different countries have different times. You need to avoid letting your baby go out in direct sunlight.
After the baby can climb, he can play outdoors and stay in the shade as much as possible.
If exposure to sunlight cannot be avoided, it is recommended to wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses and spray sunscreen half an hour before going out.
Tip: Wear sunglasses outside, so the baby won’t cry and resist sunglasses because of sudden black eyes.
The sooner you wear sunglasses, the better. However, considering that it is difficult to fix the frame glasses on the baby’s face, babies under 6 months old can not wear them, and the wide brim cap and the awning of the stroller are enough to block direct sunlight. Babies over 6 months old will start wearing sunglasses!
How to choose sunglasses for your baby?
In fact, cheap sunglasses can also filter ultraviolet rays, because the polycarbonate material of the lens can block 100% ultraviolet rays by itself, and no lens coating is needed.
However, attention should be paid to the paint of the picture frame. In 2014, the US Consumer Goods Safety Commission announced the recall of a Chinese-made sunglasses for children because the lead content in the paint exceeded the standard.
Therefore, the key to the quality of children’s sunglasses lies in their design:
- The lens must be able to filter 100% UV rays: pay attention to check for 100% UV absorption or UV 400 marking.
- Be sure the lens is big enough: it can cover your eyes, wind in winter and dust. The lens is preferably curved and can filter reflected light from the temporal side.
- Adjustable rubber elastic belt is attached to the frame: the glasses can be fixed on the back of the head instead of being supported by ears; When not worn, it can be hung around the neck to prevent loss.
- Resin lens: lighter and more compressive than standard plastic lens.
- The lens ring is not fragile: to prevent children from breaking the lens ring and damaging their eyeballs when exercising or fighting.
- There is a spring hinge between the temple and the pile head: this product has a larger outward expansion angle of the temple, does not pinch the baby, and has rebound effect when landing, which can reduce the damage to glasses.
Special tip: Infants and young children must wear elastic belt’s glasses under the care of adults, otherwise they may be wrapped around their necks, causing asphyxia.