Sleep is an indispensable part of everyone’s life. For children, sleep is especially important. Sleep not only affects children’s growth and development, but also has an important impact on children’s physical and psychological development.
Different from the conventional cognitive cognition of adults, sleep problems generally exist in children, and the younger the age, the higher the incidence rate of sleep problems. Among them, the most common sleep problems are difficulty in falling asleep, circadian rhythm disorder and frequent night waking. According to statistics, about 28-40% of infants have sleep problems.
Generally speaking, difficulty in falling asleep means that the time from the time when the baby is ready to fall asleep to the time when the baby enters the sleep state exceeds 20 minutes. In the outpatient service, we often encounter some children who go to bed from 8: 00 p.m. and stay in bed for two or three hours without falling asleep, while the parents are still unaware of the problem. Circadian rhythm disorder, in short, is black and white upside down, sleep more during the day and sleep less at night. Some babies show a love of sleep during the day and sleep less at night within one month, while older children show more late sleep at night and get up late in the morning. Frequent wake-up at night generally refers to babies over 6 months old waking up twice or more at night. Research shows that continuous sleep at night is more conducive to children’s intellectual development.
If children’s sleep problems cannot be well adjusted, the accumulation will have a series of effects on health.
Sleep problems affect the secretion of growth hormone and the growth and development of children, especially the growth of height. Sleep problems affect children’s intellectual development, especially the development of cognition and memory. Sleep problems can also affect children’s psychological development, resulting in children’s excitement, irritability, anxiety, hyperactivity, etc. Children with sleep problems have reduced immunity, metabolic disorders, children love to get sick, and the incidence of obesity is higher. In short, if a child does not sleep well, the sleep of the whole family will be affected, and even the sleep problem of children can affect the quality of life of the whole family.
So how can our baby develop good sleep habits?
First of all, we should give the baby a good sleep environment.Relatively quiet environment is a necessary condition for infants to sleep. This sleeping environment does not mean that there is no sound. We do not need to take care of ourselves. Normal communication between family members does not need to be stopped because the baby sleeps. At the same time, a lot of noise should be avoided, such as playing computer or mobile phone games, too much TV noise, loud noise, etc. At the same time, monotonous rhythmic sound helps the baby sleep, such as raindrops, lullaby, etc.
The temperature and humidity for infants to sleep should be appropriate.The most suitable temperature is the temperature that we feel comfortable, generally 20-25 ℃ for children, which can be slightly higher in summer and slightly lower in winter to reduce the temperature difference with the outside world. The temperature in the bed is about 29 ℃, either too hot or too cold is not conducive to the baby’s sleep. The suitable sleep humidity is generally 60-70%, and the humidity in bed is generally 50-60%.
The choice of indoor brightness should be helpful to the establishment of baby’s sleep rhythm.During the day, only light gauze is needed to shield the baby from the light, so that the baby can know and get used to the light during the day. At night, try not to turn on the light. In case of special circumstances, the nightlight can be opened.
The second is sleep safety.We recommend that babies share different beds with their parents. Cribs should be placed next to their parents’ beds. Before the baby can turn over, let the baby lie on its back with the baby’s head tilted to one side to avoid milk choking. Do not cover the baby’s head and face. The baby’s crib reduces surplus items, especially those that may block the baby’s mouth and nose.
The third is the quality of sleep.Arrange 3 ~ 4 activities before going to bed, such as washing one’s hands, going to the toilet, telling stories, etc. The contents of the activities are basically the same every day, fixed and orderly, warm and moderate. The activity time should be controlled within 20 minutes. At the end of the activity, try to ensure that the children are in a quieter state. The ability of children to sleep alone should be developed from the birth of the baby. When the child is sleepy but not asleep, the child should sleep in a small bed alone. It is not appropriate to shake or cuddle. Separate feeding or eating from sleep, and feed the baby at least 1 hour before bedtime. Allow children to sleep with comforters. When children cry, their parents wait patiently for a few minutes, then enter the room and stay with them for 1-2 minutes, then leave immediately, wait again, and gradually extend the waiting time to help children learn to sleep alone and successfully complete continuous sleep throughout the night.