Do your children often get excited and restless? He is usually quiet and clever, sometimes it seems that he is very excited and doesn’t sleep well at night. Please be careful that your child may have a caffeine overdose problem.
Many parents are used to drinking a cup of coffee every day, children will develop the habit of drinking coffee.
But sometimes, many parents think that if the baby does not drink coffee, he will not drink caffeine, in fact, this is the wrong view. Now, select which of the following foods contains caffeine:
Coffee: coffee is certainly one of the main sources of caffeine, however, caffeine content will vary slightly depending on the variety of coffee beans and brewing time.
Teas: teas also contain caffeine, which varies depending on the degree of fermentation, type, quality, and soak time of the tea.
Chocolate: the cocoa component of chocolate also contains caffeine, so chocolate products should be eaten in moderation to avoid excessive intake of caffeine.
Other: such as cola, energy drinks, painkillers and other ingredients contain caffeine!
Active children, the original is the fault of caffeine
What problems do caffeine cause to young children? Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system of young children and interferes with sleep.
From the clinical point of view, there are two obvious phenomena:
- One is that the mother breast-feeding period, if you do not pay attention to their own intake of caffeine, the baby drinking milk, will also indirectly intake of caffeine, these babies will be more likely to restless, crying, not easy to pacify;
- The other is older children, who have problems with restlessness and sleep disorders around the age of three or four, mostly because they drink Coke, eat chocolate biscuits and drink hot cocoa for a long time.Or the effects of eating breakfast cereal (especially chocolate flavored).
Slow metabolism of caffeine in young children
Because caffeine enters blood vessels through the stomach and small intestine, it stays in the body for several hours, taking about six hours to remove half of the caffeine.
And young children are still in the development stage, metabolic function is no more than adults, more damage to the body.
Therefore, children under the age of 12 should avoid taking caffeine. Countries in Europe and the United States do not recommend taking caffeine for young children and have not set a safety level. However, Canada has a guideline for reference:.
- 4-6 years old: no more than 45 milligrams of caffeine a day.
- 7-9 years old : no more than 63 mg of caffeine a day.
- 10-12 years old : no more than 85 milligrams of caffeine a day.
If a 4-year-old sips a cup of milk tea or chocolate for breakfast, adds a piece of chocolate-covered toast and eats two chocolate biscuits, the amount of caffeine consumed throughout the day is already far more than two or three times the safe amount.
Adults also need to exercise restraint in their daily intake
As for adults, although caffeine has some positive functions, such as helping the body’s smooth muscle relax and contract, making people feel exhilarated, it can also increase the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, stimulate gastric acid secretion, and help defecate.
But people with cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal problems, osteoporosis and insomnia should exercise self-restraint.
The safety dose recommended by the EU Food Science expert Committee is 300 mg per person per day. If parents drank a cup of 150cc coffee (about 100mg caffeine) for breakfast, a cup of 500cc tea (about 200mg caffeine) at noon would have reached the daily limit.
Mothers who are still breast-feeding should be careful, which can lead to caffeine consumption in their babies.
Eat healthy ingredients and stay away from additives
To put an end to unhealthy eating, it is basically necessary to start with living habits and eating habits.
While it is common for families with young children to eat snacks or snacks, it is neither healthy nor a necessity.
In general, a rich meal is enough for children to grow up, even to add snacks, should also use natural and healthy ingredients, such as eating fresh fruits and vegetables, make their own biscuits or bread. And do not add chemical additives to flavor, so as not to eat too much caffeine or other unhealthy ingredients.
In addition, but also remind the original habit of drinking coffee pregnant mother, due to the slow metabolism of the human body after pregnancy, excessive caffeine will affect the calcium and iron absorption and utilization of these two important nutrients, for their own and baby’s health; It is recommended to eat more natural and healthy foods.
Caffeine popular science
Caffeine is widely found in more than 60 kinds of plants, such as coffee beans, tea leaves, cocoa seeds and so on. It can also be synthesized artificially and used as the additive of beverage or medicine. Baking chocolates and dark chocolates have a higher caffeine content than plain chocolate. Even people who don’t drink tea or coffee are more likely to get caffeine when they take other food products or medicines.
The caffeine content varies from one ingredient to another. In the case of tea, the key factor that affects the caffeine content of the tea is the soaking time. The longer the tea or tea bag is soaked, the higher the caffeine content is. Therefore, the length of time tea brewing in addition to affecting the flavor is also related to health.
When the amount of caffeine in common foods is equal, the order of caffeine content is:
Coffee > Tea > Coke > Hot Cocoa > Chocolate Milk > Chocolate Biscuit