Bleeding gums is your body’s warning. In rare cases, bleeding gums can be caused by a blood disorder, and in most cases, it is caused by inflammation of the gums.
Gingivitis begins as a minor bleeding of the gums, and if left untreated, it can lead to further tooth loss or even loss of periodontitis, which is what we often hear about as “old” periodontitis.
Periodontal disease, especially periodontitis, is also associated with a range of systemic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, kidney diseases, premature birth and low weight babies, osteoporosis, obesity, etc. That’s probably something you don’t realize.
With periodontitis, can affect the whole body health. Systemic factors also affect the health of periodontal tissue.
Bad blood sugar control is prone to dental disease
Periodontal disease and diabetes are “brothers in need”.
Many people with diabetes are often accompanied by swollen gums, bleeding and loose teeth, which are actually the typical manifestations of periodontitis.
Diabetes can affect the body’s immune function and healing ability, and patients are prone to periodontitis, and its development speed is faster than non-diabetic patients, especially patients with poor blood sugar control.
Some scholars have proposed that periodontitis is also a complication of diabetes.
The persistence of periodontitis also affects the treatment of diabetes, making blood sugar harder to control. In 2009, the international diabetes society made it clear that maintaining periodontal health and maintaining periodontal disease would help reduce the risk of diabetes and help diabetics control blood sugar.
For patients with diabetes, more attention should be paid to the control of oral hygiene, regular dental scaling and necessary subgingival scaling, to control periodontal inflammation. When blood glucose control is poor (fasting blood glucose > 11.4mmol/L), the risk of infection after dental treatment is increased, and routine periodontal treatment can be performed after blood glucose control is stable.
Don’t forget to have an oral exam
Most people believe that periodontitis is not related to pregnancy. In fact, periodontitis has three effects on pregnant women:
- Difficult to conceive: women with periodontitis are less likely to conceive successfully.
- Preterm labor: pregnant women with severe periodontitis are 7 to 8 times more likely to have premature and low-weight babies than healthy women with periodontal disease. And after pregnancy, periodontal treatment may also be premature.
- Tooth loss: due to changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, pregnant women are more likely to have gingival bleeding and swelling, and even gingival tumors, which affect oral cleaning and eating, and may lead to tooth problems or even tooth loss.
Bleeding gums can lead to heart disease
A large number of scientific studies have shown that periodontitis is related to atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and stroke.
Patients with periodontitis are more likely to develop coronary arteriosclerosis. Active periodontal treatment can effectively reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
In patients with heart valve disease or artificial valve replacement, endocarditis (which can be prevented with antibiotics before treatment) is a life-threatening condition when there is an odontogenic disease or after dental treatment.