Hair is the smallest organ in the human body. How important is it to the human body? The study found that people of the same age who lost their hair looked 10 years older than those who didn’t. Hair loss is also a big psychological effect, and many people feel inferior.
There are four types of hair loss
Hair is often neglected, but it has four functions: one is the function of heat preservation. Hair is like the clothes people wear when they are cold. It keeps their body temperature and avoids physical and chemical stimuli on their skin. The second is intuitive function. Hair roots are distributed with nerves that can sense external stimuli and respond. The third is excretory function. With the pollution of the environment, people inadvertently absorb a lot of heavy metals, such as mercury, lead, etc., hair can discharge these substances out of the body; Fourth, decoration function. With the improvement of living standards, both men and women show their character through hair, so the adornment function of hair is also very important.
As the most intuitive, the most concerned hair, if there is a problem, enough to be very annoying. Hair loss is the most common problem.
There are many types of hair loss, the most common is Mediterranean hair loss, many people deeply troubled. This is a kind of male hormone sex trichomadesis, often accompany the symptom such as dandruff increase, scalp is oily, SAO is urticant apparent, the adolescent that sends more exuberant at sebaceous gland.
The second is scar hair loss. As a result of hair injury or all sorts of local skin disease hind, make scalp hair bursa is damaged, and disappear forever, hair grows no longer.
The third is congenital baldness. Some people are born without eyebrows or full baldness. Most of this hair loss is permanent and there is no special treatment, but some of it can be partially or completely normal.
The fourth is common alopecia areata. This hair loss is associated with a serious illness in the body, caused by an autoimmune disease. Sometimes when a person is hit by a sudden mental shock, such as a huge stimulus, or a very big event, he or she wakes up one night and loses all his hair. Alopecia areata can be associated with kidney problems, such as nephritis, immune nephritis, and even a combination of lupus erythematosus. In patients with alopecia areata, a systematic examination is required.
What causes hair loss
What risk factors contribute to hair loss in your daily life?
According to a survey of 5,779 men in five cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, guangzhou and hangzhou, the incidence rate of male hair loss was 25%. By this calculation, there were about 200 million male hair loss patients in China. Women want to have jet-black hair, but statistics show that about 38 percent have more or less hair loss. Hair loss is not exclusive to the elderly, young people are also a major area of hair loss. Statistics show that the incidence of hair loss among young and middle-aged men in China is more than 10 times higher than 20 years ago. Among Chinese men with hair loss, 60 percent begin to lose their hair before age 25, and 84 percent begin to lose their hair before age 30.
How to tell if hair loss is normal? The average person has about 80,000 to 100,000 hairs and loses 50 to 100 a day. But if you lose an average of more than 100 hairs a day and continue to do so for more than three months, be sure to see a doctor immediately to find out why.
You can tell by feeling, for example, how much hair falls out of the pillow in the morning when you get up, or how much hair falls out of the drain when you wash your hair.
What causes hair loss?
One is that the male hormone level in the body is higher, mainly male. The common androgenic alopecia is closely related to the metabolism of androgens. In such patients with hair loss, the increase of dihydrotestosterone levels in the scalp destroys the growth cycle of hair. More hair is shed every day.
In addition, lack of estrogen, hypophysis, thyroid dysfunction, adrenal tumors, and other factors can lead to hair loss.
Second, genetic factors, the family hair loss, the child hair loss of two and a half times higher than normal.
The third is undesirable habit of life, for instance often blow hair with hairdryer, when blow hair temperature rises, destroy the keratin of hair surface. Often comb hair can remove scurf already, increase hair burnish, be equivalent to give scalp to do massage again, stimulative blood circulates, can restrain trichomadesis. It should be noted that the selection of comb texture is exquisite, for example, plastic comb may form static electricity, causing damage to the cutin layer on the hair surface; A particularly sharp comb may scratch the scalp. It is recommended to use a comb. Wooden comb is also a good choice, pay attention to cleaning, prevent mildew. Bad plastic combs are best avoided.
In addition, need to pay attention to do not stay up late, do not give oneself too big mental pressure, the head wants to avoid to be basked in by the sun for a long time, can bring about trichomadesis otherwise.
How to encounter trichomadesis to do
After a lot of people encounter trichomadesis, at a loss. In fact, hair loss is not an incurable disease. There are two main ways to treat hair loss.
One is the use of drugs, including oral and external use of two drugs. The oral drug, fenastamine, promotes hair growth. The topical medication is minoxidil, which is sprayed on hair to promote hair growth.
The second is surgical treatment. Common hair transplant surgery is FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation), namely monomer, hair follicle Transplantation by occipital extraction crescent-shaped skin flap after head, precise hair follicles separation under a microscope, separating the flap into single units of hair follicles, inside special hair follicle culture under constant temperature box to keep low temperature condition, and on the scalp with a microscope implantation pin will separate good hair follicle hair loss. The other is FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction), a hair implantation technique that extracts hair follicles directly from the donor area of the hair grower using a precision instrument. After hair transplantation, patients should pay attention to their diet, avoid eating oily, spicy and stimulating food, quit smoking and drinking, and use sterile saline to clean blood scab regularly.
It should be noted that not all hair loss patients are fit for surgery, such as those with hypoalbuminemia, diabetes, and severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Additional, the woman that has serious obsessive-compulsive disorder loves the United States to also want careful choice to plant hair, if have need, must go to regular hospital diagnosis and treatment.