In daily life, menopause is a frequently used vocabulary. Do you really understand what it is?
What is menopause?
Menopause is a normal physiological change in women. It is a transitional period from menopausal symptoms to menopause. The age of onset is between 45 and 55 years old. However, if there is pelvic chemotherapy or radiotherapy experience, oophorectomy, genetic factors, autoimmune diseases, etc., menopause may come early.
Under normal circumstances, as the age increases, the ovarian function will continue to decline, and women will slowly lose fertility until they no longer have menstruation for 12 months (menopause). In general, the average age of menopause varies among women in different countries. But most of them are around 50 years old.
As the ovarian function declines, the body’s estrogen content will be insufficient. Most women may have menopausal symptoms such as emotional instability, menstrual cycle disorder, and body fever, and the quality of life is affected.
Further, the above symptoms actually appear in “perimenopause”, which is about four to five years before menopause. Are there any signs to follow in the early years? In addition, the days after menopause are also important periods for women to pay attention to. Why?
How do you know the arrival of “perimenopause”? You can start by observing menstruation, and if there is a significant change (usually a cycle lengthening or a decrease in menstrual blood volume), it means that the body has entered the early years. At this time, the concentration of estrogen in the body gradually decreases, and women may have typical symptoms of menopause.
Postmenopausal women are more likely to suffer from osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. For women, the above diseases are related to the lack of estrogen. Strictly speaking, when estrogen is reduced in the early years, there is already a risk of illness.
This is the most common symptom of menopause, and hot flashes may occur at any time, and the frequency varies from person to person. When you have a seizure, you will suddenly feel hot and red on your face and chest. Then the heat will spread to the whole body for a few minutes. When the fever recedes, you may feel cold.
When the boom comes, some women will also have heart palpitations.
Menstrual cycle, abnormal blood volume
Menopausal women will find menstrual cycles and changes in blood volume due to reduced estrogen.
It should be noted that if there is a periodic change, abnormal menstrual blood, or only spotted blood on the pad, this may also be a warning of uterine lesions (such as endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, etc.), preferably further Ask your doctor to make sure you are healthy.
If there is a hot red phenomenon, some women may also have night sweats. If it occurs during sleep time, sweat may cause discomfort and hinder sleep.
Even if there is no night sweats, some women still have problems with menopause and insomnia. Insomnia can cause fatigue and affect the quality of life during the day.
Menopausal women may be emotionally unstable, such as inexplicable anger, depression, sadness, and inattention, loss of interest in daily activities.
When the concentration of estrogen in the body decreases, the vaginal tissue will shrink and dry. In addition to causing itching, it will also cause pain during sexual behavior.
In addition, female urethra will also have a declining organic condition, which will increase the risk of dysuria and urinary tract infection.
Menopausal symptoms of different ages
Menopause is a transitional period in which women gradually enter the old age from sexual maturity (growth stage). He is an important and physiologically significant stage in the process of human aging. More than 90% of women will have varying degrees of symptoms that affect their health and quality of life.
1, 30 years old: women with obvious skin spots, loose, dull, loose pores, rough, hemorrhoids and other abnormal phenomena.
2, between 30-40 years old: endocrine disorders, such as irregular menstruation, sagging breasts, dry vulva, loss of libido and other female secondary sexually transmitted diseases, decreased, and women with menopausal symptoms.
3, between 40-55 years old: women with insomnia, dreams, night sweats, hot flashes, irritability, energy loss, memory loss, osteoporosis and other menopausal symptoms;
4, 55 years old or older: middle-aged and elderly women with a significant decline in renal function and atrophy of the ovaries.
Four major symptoms of female menopause：
- Generally speaking, postmenopausal women have the following four symptoms during menopause:
- Hot flashes: It is a symptom often encountered by menopausal women.
- Palpitations: It is flustered and one of the most common symptoms of menopause.
- Mental and neurological symptoms are abnormal.
- Back pain: It is an early symptom of osteoporosis in menopausal women.
What is the reason for the advancement of menopause?
First, the age of menopause in women is related to the age of menarche, while the age of menarche in modern women is relatively early, with an average of 12.5 years; the average age of menarche in the primitive society is 19 years.
Second, the early menopause is related to the decline in fertility in modern women. Because the ovaries are not ovulating during the few years of pregnancy and breastfeeding, this saves a lot of follicles and delays the progression of ovarian decline.
Third, women’s menopause has a great relationship with their living conditions in advance. If the pace of life is fast and the mental stress is high, coupled with obesity, chronic diseases, etc., it is easy to cause premature ovarian failure, and the situation of menopause is advanced.
Fourth, some medical reasons can lead to early menopause, such as hysterectomy, hormonal contraception and multiple miscarriages.
Finally, people with different menopause may have different reasons. Therefore, in the prevention and treatment of menopause, it is necessary to take targeted measures according to their own circumstances in order to achieve the best results.
Female menopause care
Women’s menopause should protect themselves both in life and in terms of psychology. Pay attention to the diet, eat less spicy food, try to maintain a balanced diet. Psychological aspects should try to avoid loneliness, loss and irritability, distraction, and more outdoor sports.
1. Control high fat and sugar intake
Menopausal women are prone to obesity because endocrine changes during menopause, causing disorders in the feeding center. With the increase of age, the amount of human activity is reduced, and the body’s consumption of heat is reduced, which is likely to cause obesity caused by excess heat. Obesity, in turn, promotes the formation of arteriosclerosis and increases the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, forty-year-old women must control their diet, especially to control the intake of high fats and sugars, while maintaining good exercise habits, which can help reduce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
2. Eat more fish, shrimps and beans
The protein contained in fish and shrimp is a high-quality protein, and the protein is related to the repair of our human tissues and the maintenance of immune function. Therefore, women in their forties need to consume such high-quality protein. It is best to use low-fat dairy products, beans and fish and shrimp as the main protein source. Beans contain isoflavones, which are used in estrogen-like conditions to relieve menopausal discomfort.
3. Eat more fruits and vegetables and coarse grains
Many fiber-rich vegetables, such as bean sprouts, radishes, taro, seaweed, leafy vegetables, potatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, etc., help digestive juice secretion, increase gastrointestinal motility, and promote cholesterol excretion.
4.Maintain good mental health
- Have an optimistic attitude
- Know that menopause is universal and temporary
- Good at alleviating bad feelings, such as more communication, proper venting
- Find your own hobbies to distract the irritability and uneasiness of menopause
- It is very important to cultivate a sense of humor.
- Talk to the psychiatrist if necessary
The above are the symptoms and solutions for women’s menopause brought to you by How to be health. What do you think of yourself? Welcome comments or reprint ~