Desserts are one of the foods that make life fun. If you can control your health, diet and blood sugar, diabetics can enjoy the pleasure of dessert.
Desserts are one of the most important dishes in French cuisine. However, there are also many diabetic patients in France. Is it only possible to insulate with delicious and tempting desserts, or to replace the tasteless sugar substitutes?
The sugar in the food is digested into glucose monosaccharide and then enters the blood. The islet cells in the pancreas secrete insulin, which transfers the blood sugar to most cells of the human body for use or storage. Just like fuel, it can ensure the normal functioning of the body. People with diabetes may not be able to produce insulin or produce abnormalities in metastasis, resulting in high blood sugar levels. It is necessary to rely on taking hypoglycemic drugs or injecting insulin, paying attention to a balanced diet and engaging in appropriate exercise. The three parties (drugs, diet and exercise) balance to maintain The blood glucose level is within the normal range.
Sugar is one of the essential nutrients in the body. According to the chemical chain, it can be divided into monosaccharides (such as glucose, fructose), disaccharides (such as sucrose, lactose) and polysaccharides (such as starch). In a well-controlled situation, there is no special contraindication to the diabetes diet. The World Health Organization recommends that 55 to 75% of calories should be from sugar, of which sugar can account for up to 10% of calories. If you take 2000 calories a day, you can have 200 calories from sugar (about 50 grams). ).
The main ingredients of general desserts are cream, sugar, flour, eggs, fruit, chocolate, etc., 100 grams of calories are about 200 to 400 calories, from sugar, fat and protein. In a 100 gram small French cream sandwich millefeuille, it contains 31 grams of sugar (from sugar and flour), 19 grams of fat and 6 grams of protein, and has a calorie of about 320 calories. If you want to eat a thousand layers in the afternoon, it is best to measure the blood sugar, adjust the amount of exercise and the amount of medicine in advance, and also reduce the amount of sugar and fat in the dinner, and avoid the burden of excessive diet on the body is very important.
Gérard Slama, a well-known French endocrinology and diabetes expert, has published a special article explaining that in the past, many opinions about the diabetes diet were actually incorrect. In the past, blood sugar increased slowly after eating sweet foods without sweet taste (such as rice noodles). However, for a long time, after eating a sweet monosaccharide or disaccharide food, the blood sugar rises rapidly and then falls.
However, later on the food glycemic index (GI) study, if the glucose index of glucose is 100, white bread has 95, mashed potato 85, multi-grain bread 70, baked potatoes, rice, noodles between 50-65, Sucrose 65, fructose 30-40. Starch-containing vegetable beans 20-40. Factors affecting the index In addition to plant characteristics, cooking or chewing methods and fiber content can affect the glycemic index. High temperature and high moisture, long-term cooking or grinding food will increase the glycemic index, such as mashed potatoes higher than baked potatoes. The carefully chewed food has a higher glycemic index (such as boiled beans), and the full fluid sugary drink is the highest. The high-fat dishes are not easy to digest, which will delay the increase of blood sugar in sugary foods. The high-fiber content of foods is also low.
In addition, the high blood sugar level caused by high glycemic index foods will continue for a long time. The low glycemic index food has a short duration of blood sugar rise, and the high blood sugar level caused by high glycemic index foods in the past is only transient. It is recommended that sugar foods be based on low glycemic index foods, and desserts should try to replace sugar with fruit sugar.
Desserts are foods that represent pleasure and enjoyment. They do not need to be excluded from a balanced and healthy diet. After all, in addition to meeting physiological needs, diet is one of the corners of life. Therefore, people with diabetes can enjoy delicious desserts with confidence, but don’t forget that the premise is to measure blood sugar, reduce the intake of other sugar foods and exercise, and maintain blood sugar in the normal range.