How to prevent orchitis and epididymitis?

Testosteitis or epididymitis is usually caused by bacteria and viruses. This article mainly studies two issues: what is orchitis (epididymitis) and how to prevent orchitis (epididymitis).

Testis itself seldom has bacterial infection. Testis is has rich blood and lymph supply, so it has strong resistance to bacterial infection[1].

Bacterial orchitis is mostly caused by adjacent epididymal inflammation, so it is also called epididymal-orchitis. The common pathogenic bacteria are staphylococcus, streptococcus, Escherichia coli, etc[1].

Virus can directly invade testis, most commonly mumps virus, which mainly invades children’s parotid gland. However, this virus is also fond of invading testis, so viral orchitis often occurs shortly after mumps onset[2].

Reminder: If your orchitis has severe pain or affects your life, contact a doctor immediately for treatment, it may affect male fertility.

The process of orchitis, picture from: Invitra
The process of orchitis, picture from: Invitra

You should know about orchitis (epididymitis)

Before you know the specific preventive measures, there are some basic knowledge you need to know:


  • Testosteitis is an inflammatory disease of one or both testicles in men, usually caused by viral or bacterial infection. Most orchitis or epididymitis occur in the left testis of men[3].
  • Most cases of orchitis in children are caused by mumps virus infection[3].
  • If parotitis patients are not treated promptly and effectively, orchitis is easily caused, and about 20% of parotitis patients will be complicated with orchitis. This kind of disease is more common in late puberty, and adult males are less likely to suffer from it[4].


  • High fever and aversion to cold.
  • Testicular pain, radiation pain in scrotum, thigh root and groin region.
  • Testicular swelling, if you touch with your hand, you will feel tender.
  • Often accompanied by scrotal skin redness and swelling and scrotal hydrocele.
  • Viral orchitis occurs in children, sometimes swelling and pain of parotid gland can be seen[5].  


  • One or both of your testicles may appear tender, swollen, and red or purple.
  • You might have a “heavy feeling” in the swollen testicle.
  • You might see blood in your semen.
  • Other symptoms include high fever, nausea, vomiting, pain with urination, or pain from straining with a bowel movement, groin pain, pain with intercourse, and simply feeling ill[6].

Relevant documents:

For your safety, we only provide some basic information. If you need more information about orchitis or epididymitis, we provide relevant authoritative articles:

How to prevent orchitis and epididymitis?

Next, what we need to know is about the prevention of this disease.

As a matter of fact, it is difficult to recover from the disease outside the operation. However, the disease is not so serious.

According to the data, in most cases, orchitis or epididymitis will disappear by itself[7].

In any case, how to treat the disease should not be provided by us, but need to consult a doctor and have a check-up.

Use drugs

Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin, for example) or naproxen (Aleve) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help with pain[1].

Support scrotum

Elevating scrotum with comfortable briefs or professional underpants can increase comfort.

When your testicles are lifted, it can relieve blood circulation and reduce pain.

Ice compress

Do not directly use ice to contact skin, you need to wrap ice with a cloth bag and apply appropriate ice[8].


Vaccinate yourself and your children against mumps to reduce the risk of orchitis[9].

Safe sex

Safe sex helps prevent bacterial orchitis. Use condoms and ask your partner about their sexual history.

Health care

Reducing the use of urethral catheterization or ensuring appropriate methods can also help prevent inflammation and infection. Appropriate medical care can help reduce the risk of infection for men with reduced immunity[10].

Diet for prevention of orchitis

If you do not have strong immunity, inflammation may be repeated, which will hurt your testicles and may cause a burden on your life.

Long-term orchitis or epididymitis may also cause risks of chronic diseases.

Starting today, refuse junk food and use a strong anti-inflammatory diet.

Dark green leafy vegetables

Vitamin E is the key to protect the body from proinflammatory factors.

A good source of this vitamin is dark green vegetables such as Swiss beets, spinach, broccoli and kale.

Cruciferae and dark green vegetables contain high concentrations of nutrients, including iron and calcium, as well as other disease-resistant ingredients.

Eat green vegetables regularly. They help you prevent orchitis and epididymitis.

Fat-rich fish

Fat-rich fish such as mackerel, salmon, sardines and tuna all have high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce inflammation.

The beneficial way to eat is to add fish to the menu and cook or steam it instead of frying or salting it.


Red juicy tomatoes are rich in lycopene, which can reduce inflammation in the body and lungs.

Cooked tomatoes have more lycopene than raw tomatoes, and tomato juice is also very beneficial.


Pepper, green pepper, capsicum and so on are rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, and have extremely strong anti-inflammatory ability.


This bright red vegetable is also excellent in antioxidant properties.

Because it is rich in fiber and folic acid, it can reduce inflammation and prevent heart disease and cancer.

Don’t miss: 6 Health benefits of beetroot juice: from inside to outside


Pineapple contains enzymes that reduce inflammation and swelling in the body, as well as extremely rich vitamin C, protecting the health of the immune system. The best way to eat it is to eat it raw when it is ripe.


If you have orchitis, don’t panic, it is a common disease.

You can use anti-inflammatory drugs and scrotal support to reduce pain.

Testosteitis and epididymitis generally recover after 1-2 weeks and gradually reduce symptoms.

You need to pay attention to scientific diet, reduce junk food and eat more fruits and vegetables to prevent orchitis and epididymitis.

For patients with orchitis and epididymitis, smoking and drinking should be stopped, which is harmful.

If your orchitis has severe pain or affects your life, contact a doctor immediately for treatment. It may affect male fertility.

Last updated: July 20, 2019

7 Comments Add yours

  1. Mujib says:

    I found this info very much useful for me….. Thank you so much for this….

    1. says:

      I’m glad to be able to help you!

  2. Alliyu says:

    Thanks very helpful

    1. says:

      Nice to help you Alliyu!

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