Introduction of carrot
Carrots are aliased with yellow radish, clove radish, etc. The carotene content of different carrot varieties is quite different. The content of orange red is higher, which can reach 50~170mg/kg, while the content of white, yellow and purple is very small. Carotene is a source of vitamin A. It is a vitamin that is indispensable to the body after hydrolysis. It can promote growth and development, maintain normal vision, prevent night blindness, dry eye disease, upper respiratory tract disease, and ensure the health of epithelial cells. Prevention and treatment of the occurrence and development of various types of epithelial tumors. Moreover, other types of carotene and carotenoids, as natural organic macromolecules, can scavenge oxygen free radicals in the blood and intestines, and achieve the effects of detoxification, anti-cancer, and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
The nutritional value and benefits of carrots
1, good for the eyes
Carrots contain a lot of carotene. The molecular structure of this carotene is equivalent to two molecules of vitamin A. After entering the body, it acts as an enzyme in the liver and small intestine mucosa, 50% of which becomes vitamin A. Role, can treat night blindness.
2. Promote intestinal health
Carrots contain plant fiber, which has strong water absorption and is easy to swell in the intestine. It is a “filling substance” in the intestine, which can strengthen the peristalsis of the intestine, thereby benefiting the wide intestine and preventing laxative.
3. Promote infant development
Vitamin A is an essential substance for the normal growth and development of bones, which is helpful for cell proliferation and growth. It is an element of the body’s growth and is of great significance for promoting the growth and development of infants and young children.
4, enhance immune function
The conversion of carotene into vitamin A helps to enhance the body’s immune function and plays an important role in preventing epithelial cell carcinogenesis. The lignin in carrots can also improve the body’s immune mechanism and indirectly destroy cancer cells.
5, lower blood sugar and blood lipids
Carrots also contain hypoglycemic substances, which are good foods for diabetics. Some of the ingredients contained in them, such as quercetin and bismuth phenol, can increase coronary blood flow, lower blood lipids, promote the synthesis of adrenaline, and lower blood pressure. , strong heart effect, is the best therapeutic food for patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease.
6, prevent hardening of blood vessels, lower blood pressure and reduce heart disease
Quercetin and kaempferol contained in carotene can increase coronary blood flow, lower blood lipids, and promote the synthesis of adrenaline, thus having a blood pressure-relieving effect. Carrots contain potassium succinate, which helps prevent hardening of the blood vessels, lowers cholesterol and lowers blood pressure. Folic acid in carrots can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Hypertensive people have a good antihypertensive effect after drinking carrot juice. People who eat more carrots are almost 50% less likely to suffer from heart disease than people who eat less carrots.
7, good for health and longevity
Experiments have shown that α-carotene inhibits tumor cells 10 times more than β-carotene and has a strong effect on preventing abnormal changes in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). As early as more than a decade ago, studies have found that the higher the concentration of alpha-carotene in the blood, the lower the risk of heart disease in the subject. According to a 14-year follow-up survey by researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control, the higher the alpha-carotene content in the blood, the longer the life expectancy. The food with the highest alpha-carotene content is carrots. In pumpkins, oranges, and citrus, the content of α-carotene is also high. Alpha-carotene is not afraid of high temperature cooking. Put the carrots in the broth and cook, as long as the soup is drunk, it will not cause obvious loss of α-carotene. On the contrary, eating cooked carrots is more conducive to the absorption of various carotenoids, as long as a small amount of oil can achieve full absorption.
8, enhance immune function
Carotene can be converted into vitamin A in the body, which helps to enhance the body’s immune function and plays an important role in preventing epithelial cell carcinogenesis. The lignin in carrots can also improve the body’s immunity and indirectly destroy cancer cells.
Japanese scientists have found that beta-carotene in carrots can effectively prevent allergic diseases such as pollen allergy and atopic dermatitis, and β-carotene can regulate the intracellular balance, making the body less prone to allergic reactions.
A study in Germany showed that carrots contain the antioxidant carotene, and people with high concentrations of antioxidants in the skin have significantly less wrinkles than those with low levels of antioxidants in the skin.
11, prevent colds
Carrots contain a highly immunogenic substance, lignin, which increases the ability of human macrophages to reduce colds.
Is raw carrots nutritious?
The biggest bright spot of carrots is that they contain a lot of carotene. Carotene protects vision and the respiratory system. In addition, carrots contain more calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B 1 . Carrots are a kind of food and fruit foods with high edible value. So, is raw carrots nutritious?
Eating carrots is not a bad thing, but it can’t absorb nutrients. Carotene is converted to vitamin A by the action of enzymes in the small intestine. Vitamin A has important physiological functions such as maintaining the normal function of epithelial cells, preventing respiratory infections, promoting human growth and development, and participating in the formation of rhodopsin. However, carotene is a fat-soluble substance. When it is dissolved in oil, it can be converted into vitamin A under the action of carotenoid enzyme in human liver and intestinal wall, which is absorbed by the human body. If you eat raw carrots, 90% of the carotene will become the “passenger” of the human body and will be excreted, which will not be able to play a nutritional role. So carrots should not be eaten raw. Raw carrots are not nutritious at all.
Raw carrots can moisten the intestines but can’t absorb carotene. Raw carrots are easy to let the water-soluble vitamins and minerals be absorbed by the body, so drinking freshly squeezed carrot juice can play a role in laxative and detoxification. But raw food is not the best way to absorb carotene.
Carotene is a fat-soluble substance, just like lycopene in tomatoes. Only when oil is properly cooked, it can greatly increase the absorption rate of carotene.
Therefore, if you want to better absorb carotene, it is best to choose cooked food.
Can raw carrots lose weight?
Carrots contain a lot of nutrients that are good for our health. Many people choose to eat carrots to lose weight. Although it is said that proper carrots can play a certain weight loss effect, is there any effect in this method? Let’s work together. Learn more about whether raw carrots can lose weight.
Carrots contain carrots and vitamins B1, B2, C, D, E, K and more than a dozen nutrients such as hydrochloric acid, calcium, dietary fiber, etc. As a food for weight loss, it is best to let the body absorb more. Comprehensive and more nutritious, it also allows your body’s waste to be quickly discharged, but also accelerates metabolism and blood circulation, detoxification and slimming.
In addition, carrots also have the effect of burning fat and scraping oil. If you eat raw food, it is the best. It can’t be mixed with yogurt, honey and other sweet foods without fat content. It can be eaten raw with juice and other fruits and vegetables. If you still can’t eat it, you can make boiled radish, and the effect is not bad.
Through the above explanation, in fact, raw carrots can play a certain weight loss effect, but be careful not to use it as an absolute way to lose weight, easily lead to malnutrition and other conditions.
Nutritional value component of carrot
Carotene is a source of vitamin A. It is a vitamin that is indispensable to the body after hydrolysis. It can promote growth and development, maintain normal vision, prevent night blindness, dry eye disease, upper respiratory tract disease, and ensure the health of epithelial cells. Prevention and treatment of the occurrence and development of various types of epithelial tumors. Moreover, other types of carotene and carotenoids, as natural organic macromolecules, can scavenge oxygen free radicals in the blood and intestines, and achieve the effects of detoxification, anti-cancer, and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Carrots are extremely nutritious and contain the following nutrients for every 100 crees:
|Nutrient name||content||Nutrient name||content|
|Heat||41.00 (kcal)||protein||9.30 (g)|
|fat||2.40 (g)||calcium||33.00 (mg)|
|Carbohydrate||5.80 (g)||fiber||8.00 (g)|
|iron||3.00 (mg)||magnesium||12.00 (mg)|
|phosphorus||35.00 (mg)||Potassium||320 (mg)|
|sodium||69.00 (mg)||Zinc||24.00 (mg)|
|Vitamin C||9.00 (mg)||Vitamin B 1||0.66 (mg)|
|Riboflavin||0.58 (mg)||niacin||9.83 (mg)|
|Vitamin B6||138.00 (mg)||Folic acid||19.00 (mg)|
|Vitamin E||66.00 (mg)||Vitamin A||83.50 (mg)|
|saturated fatty acid||0.37 (g)||Monounsaturated fatty acid||0.14 (g)|
|Polyunsaturated fatty acid||1.17 (g)||Vitamin K||2.00 (mg)|
Applicable crowd of carrots
Carrots are generally edible, especially for people with cigarette poison, poor trachea, people with frequent colds and poor resistance, and constipation or need to strengthen intestinal detoxification can also play a laxative effect. Old people, pregnant women, mothers, and babies can all eat carrots.
Carrots have high nutritional value and are rich in carotene and fiber, which can enhance the body’s resistance and prevent colds. Pregnant women can also help treat pregnancy-induced hypertension. The baby can eat more vegetable carrots to prevent constipation and malnutrition in children. People who have night blindness and poor eyesight can eat carrots effectively to prevent night blindness and protect the eyes.