The American Heart Association updated the hypertension standard in November last year. The previous standard was 140/90 (high pressure no more than 140, low pressure no more than 90), and the new standard was 130/80. Exceeding the standard range was considered as a hypertension patient. Because many heart diseases are related to blood pressure, it is important to protect the heart and control blood pressure, and studies have shown that the number of women affected by heart attacks is higher than that of men.
A heart attack sends a warning signal, the chest feels uncomfortable, the upper body feels uncomfortable, the air speed or breathing difficulties, other symptoms such as cold sweats, nausea, and dizziness. When feeling these symptoms, you must hurry to tell your family or call an ambulance.
Gloria Choi, director of community influence at the American Heart Association, said that because many heart conditions are related to blood pressure, blood pressure is the pressure on the arterial blood circulation. Why are blood pressure different? Choi said that once the heart beats, blood pressure will naturally rise or fall. When people exercise or sleep, the blood pressure will also change, so she encourages people to take regular blood pressure, and people often hear that the disease is high blood pressure. The risks of high blood pressure include stroke, loss of consciousness, memory loss, sudden heart attack, eye and kidney damage, chest pain, pulmonary edema.
When a blood vessel is embolized or ruptured, preventing blood flow in the brain, causing a stroke phenomenon, atherosclerosis will reduce blood flow to the head artery. Types of stroke include ischemic stroke (thrombosis), cerebral vascular embolism, and cerebral hemorrhage stroke (cerebral hemorrhage), caused by blood vessel rupture or bleeding in the brain. Other stroke symptoms, such as sudden blurred vision, difficulty in seeing things, sudden difficulties in walking, feeling dizzy or losing balance, and sudden feelings of severe headaches. Asians usually suffer from cerebral hemorrhage and stroke. If they can effectively manage blood pressure, they can avoid strokes.
When Choi explained the symptoms of stroke, the recommended vocabulary was: “Talk, Smile, Use, Bing” (Speech, Face, Arm, Time), referring to the difficulty in speaking during a stroke, and unable to speak a sentence; laugh refers to the facial expression Asymmetry, paralysis and can not laugh; use it is unable to force their hands and feet; soldiers is to call 911 emergency as soon as possible.
In addition, Choi advised people to manage their blood pressure, such as maintaining a healthy weight, eating, exercising, reducing or adjusting drinking habits, refusing to smoke, and measuring blood pressure regularly, before and after meals, before and after taking medicine, and after exercising. . If you have a sphygmomanometer at home, you should learn to use the sphygmomanometer correctly. Do not strain or hold your breath while measuring. This will affect the measurement results and you should relax.