Apple (scientific name: Malus pumila) is a kind of fruit, is the rose family apple subfamily apple plant, its tree is the deciduous tree. Apple fruit is rich in minerals and vitamins, is one of the fruits that people often eat.
Apples are a low-calorie food that produces only 60 kilocalories of calories per 100 grams. Apple in the soluble nutrients, easy to be absorbed by the human body, so there is a “living water” said. It is advantageous to dissolve sulfur element, make the skin lubricate and tender. It is said that “an apple a day keeps the doctor away from me”.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, apple production worldwide in 2013 was 80.82 million tons, surpassing the 77.18 million tons of grapes, ranking second in the world (first banana: 106.7 million tons). There is no doubt that apples are the king of temperate fruits.
The apple is rich in nutrition and tastes sweet.
The nutritional composition of Apple
Apple is a beauty product, both to lose weight, but also to make the skin smooth and tender. Apple is a kind of low calorie food, every 100 grams only produces 60 kilocalories of heat; apple nutrients soluble, easy to be absorbed by the human body, so there is a “living water,” said to be conducive to dissolved sulfur elements, make the skin smooth and tender. Apples contain copper, iodine, manganese, zinc, potassium and other elements, if the human body lacks these elements, the skin will occur dry, cracking, strange itching.
Vitamin C in apple is the protection of cardiovascular, heart disease patients’ health elements.
People who eat more apples are far less likely to catch a cold than those who don’t or eat less apples. As a result, scientists and doctors have called apples “omni-directional healthy fruits” or “general practitioners.” The air pollution is more serious, eat more apples can improve respiratory system and lung function, protect the lung from the air dust and smoke in the impact of dust.
|Ingredient name||content||Ingredient name||content||Ingredient name||content|
Dietary fiber (g)
Vitamin A (mg)
Vitamin C (mg)
- Pectin : It is a soluble fiber that promotes cholesterol metabolism, lowers cholesterol levels, and promotes fat discharge.
- Trace elements: Potassium dilates blood vessels and helps patients with high blood pressure; zinc deficiency can cause blood glucose metabolism disorders and sexual function decline.
- Adjustable gastrointestinal: fiber material helps excretion; also have astringent effect on diarrhea.
- Peel the apples + pieces of ginger to boil water: stop vomiting.
- Can reduce pear cold, strengthen lungs and moisten stomach.
Nutritional value and benefits of Apple.
Apple contains magical “apple phenol”, easy to dissolve in water, easy to be absorbed by the human body. This magical “apple phenol” has seven functions: first, antioxidant effect, can keep food fresh; second, eliminate odour, can remove fishy smell, bad breath; third, prevent tooth decay; fourth, it can inhibit the production of melanin and enzymes; Fifth, it can inhibit the occurrence of reactive oxygen species, can prevent a variety of lifestyle diseases caused by reactive oxygen species; sixth, it can inhibit the rise of blood pressure and prevent hypertension; seventh, it can inhibit allergic reactions and has a certain anti-sensitive effect.
Apples contain 17 amino acids, 7 of which are essential to the human body but cannot be synthesized by themselves. There are a variety of fitness, disease prevention, treatment of disease functions. Apple contains tannins and a variety of fruit acids, can help food digestion, and has the function of promoting stomach convergence, accelerate the digestion and absorption of food. Malic acid can stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes in the elderly, so people with diabetes should eat sour apples.
Apple contains vitamin H, with the prevention of gray hair and hair loss, to maintain a healthy skin. Vitamin H, also known as biotin, coenzyme R, is a water-soluble vitamin, also belongs to the vitamin B family. It is essential for the synthesis of vitamin C and essential for normal metabolism of fat and protein. Vitamin H is a kind of water-soluble vitamin which is necessary to maintain the natural growth and function of human body, and it is also the essential nutrient to maintain normal growth, development and health, which can not be synthesized artificially.
Apples contain pectin, a water-soluble food fiber that reduces the number of bad bacteria in the intestines and helps healthy bacteria multiply.
Pectin can regulate the level of blood sugar and prevent the sudden rise and fall of blood sugar. Pectin can also promote the gastrointestinal tract of lead, mercury and harmful substances emissions, timely removal of metabolic waste in the body, has the effect of promoting the discharge of toxins in the body.
Apples are rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C is the protection of cardiovascular, heart disease patients of the health elements. Researchers in the United States have also shown that “taking vitamin C directly from fresh fruit is more effective than oral administration.” Eating one red Fuji a day will satisfy most of the vitamin C your body needs every day.
Apples are rich in potassium, which binds to excess sodium in the body and releases it out of the body, lowering blood pressure. At the same time, potassium ion can effectively protect blood vessels, and reduce the incidence of hypertension and stroke.
Apples contain flavonoids. A study published in October 1999 by Finnish researchers showed that flavonoids in apples are effective in reducing the incidence of cancer.
Zinc in apple is beneficial to children’s memory, can enhance children’s memory, improve intelligence.
Apples are rich in lycopene and anthocyanins, enough to protect against heart disease, urinary disease and prostate cancer.
Apples are rich in folic acid, the main ingredient in vitamin B, which helps prevent heart disease.
It can reduce inflammation of respiratory system, including trachea and lungs, and control asthma and chronic obstructive pneumonia.
Boron and manganese.
Apples contain the mineral elements boron and manganese that strengthen bone. A study in the United States has found that boron significantly increases the concentration of estrogen and other compounds in the blood, which can effectively prevent calcium loss. Medical experts believe that if postmenopausal women can get 3 grams of boron per day, then their calcium loss rate can be reduced by 46%, postmenopausal women eat more apples, is conducive to the absorption and use of calcium, prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Apples help to lose weight.
Often eat apple is not easy to feel hungry, apple “pectin” is a water-soluble food fiber, can reduce the number of bad bacteria in the intestine and help beneficial bacteria to multiply, thereby intestinal bacterial flora condition. Apple is also rich in food fiber, easy to have a sense of fullness, but also adsorption of excess fat together with the excretion. Speed up metabolism, burn body fat, prevent and reduce the accumulation of fat. And it is rich in malic acid, can make the fat that accumulates in the body disperses effectively, prevent the body to be overweight thereby. Nowadays, many Americans regard apples as a necessary condition for slimming down. They go on a diet one day a week and eat only apples, known as “apple day”.
The benefits of Apple.
Protection of teeth.
Apples can protect teeth from tooth decay and gingivitis, and help prevent periodontal disease. Eating apples also has the function of fixing teeth and cleaning teeth. Botanists have found that if an apple is eaten in 15 minutes, the organic and fruit acids in the apple kill 99 per cent of the bacteria in the mouth.
The pectin in apple is more than other fruit, help balance intestinal microflora, prevent and cure diarrhoea. The best apple cooked to soften cellulose, ease intestinal peristalsis.
The gum in the apple can absorb a large amount of water, can be digested residue softened, to prevent constipation. In particular, modern life is busy, constipation and other diseases of the digestive system, and eating apples can reduce liver fire, stomach fire, large intestine fire, for the body excretion, detoxification function, has a great effect.
Eating too much or eating too much greasy or sweet food can lead to hiccups. Apple Cider Vinegar helps restore normal levels of acid in the stomach and relieves hiccups.
Treatment of spasticity.
Cramps can be caused by a lack of calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamins B, C and so on, all of which can be handled by apples.
Prevention of asthma.
A British study found that adults who ate at least two apples a week had a 1 / 3 lower risk of asthma. Another study found that when mothers ate apples during pregnancy, their children had significantly lower risk of asthma before the age of five.
Apple Cider Vinegar has the function of relieving bee venom and relieving pruritus and pain after bee sting. It also works on jellyfish poison.
Eating apples helps stimulate the production of antibodies and white blood cells, enhancing disease resistance.
Treatment of excessive menstrual bleeding.
Phytoestrogens in apples help balance estrogen levels and prevent menstrual bleeding or dysmenorrhea caused by estrogen disorders.
Sedative and antidepressant.
Apple has the effect of nourishing brain and nourishing blood, calming the mind and sleeping peacefully. The aroma of apples is a good cure for depression and depression. After many experiments, experts found that the aroma of apple has the greatest impact on people’s psychology, and it has a significant role in eliminating psychological depression. Clinical use proved that the patients with mental depression after sniffing apple aroma, mood greatly improved, relaxed and happy spirit, depression disappeared. The experiment also proved that the sleeplessness patient sniffs the apple fragrance before falling asleep, can cause the person to fall asleep quickly and quietly.
Eating apples after meals has a certain effect on nausea and indigestion.
Remission of pregnancy response.
Eat apples during pregnancy, on the one hand, can supplement vitamins and other nutrients, but also adjust the water, salt and electrolyte balance, to prevent frequent vomiting resulting in acidosis. By eating more apples during pregnancy, the baby is healthier and has a lower risk of whooping cough or asthma.
Apples can help clean up trash from your body, thus helping you to detoxify and nourish your complexion. Often eat apples, can help eliminate skin freckles, black spots, to maintain the skin delicate ruddy, but also can prevent aging.
“purifying” the human body.
In a polluted environment, eating more apples can improve respiratory and lung function and protect the lungs from pollution and soot.
Neutralizing human acid.
Seventy percent of the diseases occur in women with acidic bodies, while apples are alkaline foods. Eating apples can quickly neutralize excessive acids in the body (including acids produced by exercise and acidic metabolites in the body such as fish, meat, eggs, etc.), enhancing physical strength and resistance to disease.
Natural ripening agent.
If you put immature kiwifruit or pears in a plastic bag filled with apples, the ethylene released from the apples will accelerate the ripening of other fruits and soften kiwifruit and pears.