Parents ‘ improper diet, obesity, excessive intake of caffeine and stress are likely to cause genetic, metabolic or physiological changes in unborn infants.
It is well known that mothers who smoke or drink alcohol can have an impact on newborns, but other factors that affect the health of the baby may be less known or overlooked. A study published in The Lancet reported that parents ‘ dietary habits and levels of obesity affect the health of unborn babies, a effect that existed even before a woman became pregnant, the French Fisher report said.
Parents ‘ poor diet, obesity, excessive caffeine intake and stress are likely to cause genetic, metabolic or physical changes to unborn infants, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, neurological disease and immune system disease in newborns, according to the International research team. When parents decide to have children, and mothers in the first three months of pregnancy, especially to note that this period of egg and sperm quality has a decisive impact on the child’s health.
The dangers of obesity
Studies show that up to 50% of women in many countries are overweight or obese when they are pregnant. Maternal obesity may lead to problems such as breastfeeding difficulties, overweight children, birth of dead babies, or decreased maternal fertility.
Fathers ‘ obesity may also have an impact, the researchers say, but it is impossible to know how much the impact from the father is. According to a 2006 study in the United States, overweight men can damage sperm quality, resulting in reduced sperm. In addition, a father’s obesity may cause a child to develop chronic illnesses.
Lack of iron element
Researchers point out that 30% to 50% of pregnant women worldwide suffer from iron deficiency anemia. Also lacking are magnesium, iodine, calcium and vitamin D. In developed countries, the researchers explained, the lack of these elements was due to the fact that people often ate red meat, refined grains and refined sugars, and dairy products with high fat content.This diet has led to a shortfall in daily iodine intake of 77% of women aged 18 to 25, and a shortage of daily vitamin B9 in 96% of women at the age of childbearing (data indicating 18 to 42 years). Vitamin B9 is mainly contained in green vegetables, fruits, milk and animal viscera, to prevent spina bifida and congenital malformations of the spine and other diseases.
Complementary nutrition, balanced diet
Women should pay attention to dietary supplements 4-6 weeks before pregnancy, especially vitamin B9 and iodine, the researchers said. Vitamin B9 in the first three months of pregnancy is very helpful in reducing the probability of miscarriage, birth of a dead baby or premature birth.
The researchers also said that in addition to nutrition, a balanced diet is also a matter of special attention before pregnancy. Eat more fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts and fish, eat less ham and sausage and other red meat products can reduce the risk of gestational diabetes and high blood pressure and preterm birth.