Can AIDS be cured?
Can AIDS cure? At present, there is still a lack of effective drugs to cure HIV infection worldwide. The current treatment objectives are: to minimize and sustain the viral load; to obtain immune function reconstruction and maintain immune function; to improve the quality of life; to reduce the incidence and mortality associated with HIV.
AIDS is a special virus, and the difference with ordinary viruses is that it destroys the body’s immune system. And the immune system is the key system to fight the virus and bacteria invading the human body. So it is difficult to develop effective anti-HIV drugs. Although AIDS can not be cured at present, but with the improvement of medical technology and the development of science, I believe it is possible to overcome this difficulty in the future.
AIDS at present there is no cure, mainly take general treatment, antiviral drugs and symptomatic treatment.
1. General treatment.
To HIV infection and AIDS patients for active psychological treatment, patients should pay attention to rest, strengthen nutrition and work and rest, to avoid the transmission of others.
2. Antiviral drugs.
High efficiency combined with antiretroviral therapy can maximize the inhibition of virus replication, preservation and restoration of immune function, reduce mortality and incidence of HIV related diseases, improve the life of patients, reduce the spread of AIDS. At present, there are three broad categories of antiviral drugs to choose from:
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor: zidovudine ZDV or AZTX 200mg, 3 times a day, or 300mg 2 times daily; Stavudine d4TX 40mg, twice a day; zaxitabine, DDCD 0.75mg, 3 times daily; Didanoxine, DDIG, 200mg, 2 times per day; lamivudine 3TC150mg, 2 times per day; Abacavir: 300 mg, twice a day.
Protease inhibitor: indinavir IDV 800 mg, 3 times a day; Nifinavir NFV 750 mg, 3 times daily; Ridonavir RTV 600 mg, 1 time daily; Sarquinavir SQV 600 mg, 3 times per day.
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (N-NRTII): EFV 600 mg, once daily, and nevirapine 200 mg, once a day, to 400 mg after 2 weeks.
Combined use of drugs can increase the curative effect. Two kinds of NRTI plus one Pi or two kinds of NRTI plus one kind of N-NRTI were used in combination therapy, or two kinds of NRTI plus one kind of Pi plus one kind of N-NRTI or two kinds of NRTI plus two kinds of Pi. Note that d4T and DDC cannot be used in combination.
3. Immunoregulatory drugs.
Interferon α was injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly 3 times a week for 3 to 6 months.
(2) Interleukin-2) 2.5 million U per time, continuous intravenous drip for 24 hours, 5 days a week for 4-8 weeks.
(3) regular use of gamma globulin can reduce the incidence of bacterial infection.
Chinese medicine such as lentinan, salvia miltiorrhiza and astragalus all have the function of regulating immune function.
Recent advances in AIDS treatment.
According to the 2014 UNAIDS report, by the end of 2013, there were more than 35 million people living with HIV / AIDS worldwide, with an average of 6000 new infections per day. Among them, male homosexuality is the main way of transmission. China ranks 12th in the world in the number of people living with AIDS, with a 63 percent drop in the death rate over the same period.
November 24, 2015, UNAIDS released a report entitled “focus areas and population: 2030 Fast track to end AIDS.” The report believes that in the past 15 years, the global fight against AIDS has made great achievements, is expected to eliminate the global AIDS threat in the next 15 years. According to the report, by the end of 2014, an estimated 36.9 million people worldwide were living with HIV. As of June 2015, an estimated 15.8 million people living with HIV had received antiretroviral treatment. This number was 7.5 million in 2010 and 2.2 million in 2005. The number of new HIV infections has decreased by 35 per cent since its peak in 2000, and the number of AIDS-related deaths has fallen by 42 per cent since its peak in 2004.
On World AIDS Day 2015, the World Health Organization stressed that extending antiretroviral therapy to all people living with HIV is key to halting the AIDS epidemic within a generation. The results show that people living with HIV who begin antiretroviral therapy shortly after infection (before the virus weakens the immune system) are more likely to remain healthy and less likely to transmit the virus to their partners. These results led the World Health Organization in September 15 to recommend that every person living with HIV should be treated.