Initial symptoms of AIDS.
What are the initial symptoms of AIDS? Part at the beginning of the HIV infection in patients with no clinical symptoms, but most of the 6 solstice week can appear after HIV infection of HIV disease and clinical symptoms of acute damage produced by the immune system, HIV/AIDS in the early symptoms are mainly as follows:
1. Extensive lymph node enlargement, especially cervical, axillary and inguinal lymph nodes. The lymph node enlargement is about 1 cm in diameter, hard, painless, and can move for more than three months.
2. Unexplained fever and night sweats for several weeks.
Weeks of unexplained severe fatigue.
4. Loss of appetite, weight loss in two months is over 10% of the original weight.
5. Chronic diarrhea with unexplained causes for several weeks, with water samples, more than 10 times a day.
6. Cough for several weeks.
7. The skin and oral cavity appear flat or raised pink, magenta big spot, not painful not itchy.
8. White film appeared in pharynx and larynx. The male genitals appear scaly, itchy; The female anus pruritus, vaginal itching, white belt is treated by the department of gynaecology for a long time.
9. Headache, blurred vision and no other causes.
When the above three symptoms appear above the high-risk behavior, should be checked in time.
The symptoms of AIDS vary from time to time, and the range of the human body from HIV to AIDS is different, from a few months to a few months, and an average of eight years. Due to the frequent occurrence of opportunistic infections and malignant tumors in the later stage of HIV infection, the clinical manifestations of AIDS symptoms vary according to the acute stage of cancer, asymptomatic period and AIDS period.
1. Acute phase
Early symptoms of AIDS mainly include symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection such as fever, fatigue, sore throat, general malaise, etc., with headache, rash, meningeal encephalitis or acute multiple neuritis; There are enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, axilla and occipital, similar to infectious mononucleosis, and hepatosplenomegaly.
2. No symptoms
Clinical symptoms and signs are often asymptomatic. HIV antigens are not readily detectable in the blood, but HIV antibodies can be detected. The duration of this period is generally 6-8 years. During the asymptomatic period, the immune system was damaged, and the CD4+T lymphocyte count gradually decreased and was infectious due to the continuous replication of HIV in the infected body.
3. AIDS period
This period is mainly manifested in HIV related symptoms, systemic opportunistic infections and tumors. The related symptoms of HIV are:
(1) fever, night sweats and diarrhea lasting more than one month;
(2) weight loss often exceeds 10%;
(3) some of the patients suffered from memory loss, mental detachment, personality changes, headache, epilepsy, dementia and other neuropsychiatric symptoms;
(4) persistent lymph node enlargement is characterized by the enlargement of lymph nodes in 2 or more sites except the inguinal region; The diameter of lymph node was greater than 1cm, no tenderness, no adhesion. Lasts for 3 months or more.
Opportunistic infections are common in oral candida infection, PCP, cytomegalovirus infection, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and rapid active tuberculosis. Malignant neoplasms are common to the skin mucosal sarcoma, lymphoma, and so on.
Diarrhoea accounts for a large proportion of AIDS. The clinical manifestation of AIDS diarrhea diarrhea, loose stools, often boring food less, drainage under clear, very is like water or intermittent attacks, delay no more, for months or years, long weight loss, malnutrition, wither, form of state evil fluid to pledge that death is formed.
AIDS patients with diarrhoea pathological changes of the main in the gut, the common pathogenic bacteria are bacteria, protozoa, viruses, fungi, etc., the parasite (mainly for cryptosporidium infection accounted for about 40% of the whole AIDS diarrhea, more for acute diarrhea, characterized by a large number of watery diarrhoea and fat diarrhea, with or without abdominal pain, more than 10 times a day, the amount of up to several liters. In other patients, intermittent diarrhea occurred repeatedly for months or years, and was repeated five to six times a day. Patients often have water electrolyte disorder, acidosis, weight loss, weight loss, severe malnutrition, hypoalbuminemia, etc., and patients often die from severe exhaustion.
Characteristics of AIDS diarrhea:
1. The frequency of defecation is significantly higher than that of daily habit, and the fecal material is thin and the water is increased. The daily discharge amount is more than 200g, or contains undigested food or pus, and mucus. Diarrhea is often accompanied by a sense of urgency, anal discomfort and incontinence.
2. Acute and chronic AIDS diarrhea. Acute diarrhea develops rapidly, and the course is within 2 ~ 3 weeks. Chronic diarrhea refers to recurrent diarrhea in two to four weeks during or between two months.
3. The effect of diarrhea medication in the window of AIDS is not obvious, and it usually lasts 1-2 weeks. The diarrhea in AIDS period should look for the cause of the disease, the remedy to the disease, otherwise there will be a life danger.
4. Except for diarrhea, it is accompanied by emaciation, insufficiency, fever, nausea, abdominal pain or dysphagia.
AIDS diarrhea can be up to 50-90% probability of occurrence, clinical characteristic is in delay no more is not good (months), defecate is watery, up to 10 times a day, the patient was thin, such as HIV/AIDS diarrhea can lead to death, though not deadly infections, also nots allow to ignore, HIV/AIDS patients can be because more angular and malnutrition, diarrhea to cure diarrhea, and antiretroviral treatment for HIV/AIDS, can let patients return to normal.
The early symptoms of AIDS in women.
The initial symptoms of female AIDS are menstrual dysfunction, genital tract infection, cervical dysplasia, tooth root inflammation, tooth loosening, etc., specifically:
1. Menstrual dysfunction: excessive menstruation, too little and amenorrhea.
2. Infection of genital tract, common symptoms include genital herpes, candida or trichomonas vaginitis, vulva vaginal infection, cervical epithelial neoplasm, pelvic inflammatory disease, etc.
(1) the cervical epithelial tumors: women infected with HIV in the incidence of a disease of the cervical intraepithelial neoplasm is higher than normal women estimate of 10:1, human papillomavirus infection in pathogenic convenient plays an important role.
(2) vulva vaginal infection: candida infection usually occurs in the early stage of infection, and can occur many times a year or increase intermittently. Herpes simplex virus infection is more common. It not only affects the vulva, but also affects the vagina and anus. It is obstinate and prone to relapse.
(3) pelvic inflammatory disease: pelvic inflammatory disease is often involved in fallopian tubes, uterus and cervix. All kinds of pathogenic bacteria can cause pelvic infection, including chlamydia trachomatis, gonorrhoeae, especially tuberculous fallopian tubes and ovarian abscesses.
3. Cervical dysplasia in women with papilloma virus infection is more common and is prone to cervical cancer.
4. 30% of AIDS patients suffer from root inflammation, root ulcers, root necrosis, loose teeth, and pain and stench of root bleeding. These symptoms are a comprehensive realization of periodontitis.
5. The occurrence of kaposh sarcoma mainly occurs in the upper palate and the root of the tooth, mainly manifested as single or multiple red, pale blue or purple patches or lumps, with or without ulcers. Kaposi’s sarcoma is rare in the normal population.
6. Candida albicans are found in the upper palate and back of the tongue, and white or yellow spots or plaques appear on any part of the red area or oral cavity. Plaques can be erased, leaving red areas with bleeding. More common in people with HIV and AIDS.
Early symptoms of HIV in men.
Early symptoms of male AIDS include fever, night sweats, lymphadenopathy, loss of appetite, dizziness, herpes zoster, malignant tumor, etc.
1. The general symptoms persist with fever, weakness, night sweats, superficial lymph node enlargement, and weight loss can reach more than 10% in three months, and can be reduced by up to 40% at most.
2. Respiratory symptoms include chronic cough, chest pain, dyspnea, and severe phlegm with blood.
3. The digestive tract symptoms include loss of appetite, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and serious bleeding. Drugs commonly used to treat digestive tract infections are not effective for this type of diarrhea.
4. Nervous system symptoms dizziness, headache, slow reaction, mental retardation, mental abnormality, convulsion, hemiplegia, dementia, etc.
5. Skin and mucosal damage diffuse papules, herpes zoster, oral and pharyngeal mucosal inflammation and ulceration.
6. Multiple malignant tumors can appear in the tumor, and there are red or purplish spots, papules and infiltrating masses in the surface of kaposhi’s sarcoma.