Migraine:causes, symptoms, prevention and coping strategies

What is a migraine

Migraine is a troubled people health of common diseases, multiple in women, characterized by one side or both sides of repeated temporal pulsatile headache, migraine before will be accompanied by a visual, somatosensory aura, migraine attacks with vomiting. Most migraines occur during puberty, with the onset age of 25 to 34 years, and a few occur in childhood or middle age.

The most common migraine for ordinary migraines, also called migraine without aura, hours or days before the onset of headache have some nonspecific prodromal symptoms, including mental disorders, gastrointestinal symptoms and fluid balance changes, etc.


Causes of migraines

Migraine is a common occurrence in life, but it may not be known how it is caused. In order to reduce the incidence of migraine, we need to know the causes of migraine.

1. Endocrine and metabolic factors.

Migraines are more common in women. They often start at puberty, reduce or stop after pregnancy or menopause, and suggest the effects of endocrine and metabolic effects.

2, genetic

Causes of migraine and genetic also has a certain relationship, if a family history of migraine sufferers have, such as parents, brothers and sisters also had a migraine, the prevalence of patients will get higher.

3. Spiritual factors

Chronic mental stress, depression or mood swings can also lead to migraines. Regular sleep disorder is also a cause of migraine.

4.Diet and medicine.

Certain foods cause changes in the body’s environment that can lead to migraines. Certain medications can also cause migraines, such as oral vasodilators, birth control pills, and hormone replacement drugs.

Understanding the causes of migraine, in life we should try to eliminate and avoid these pathogenic factors, it is certain to prevent the occurrence of migraine.


Symptoms of migraine

There are many types of headaches, but the most common ones in life are migraines, which can be divided into many types, including migraine with aura and migraine without aura.

1. Aura migraine.

There is a family history of migraine with aura, and the process of migraine is divided into three stages: aura, headache and headache.

(1) aura. Visual aura can occur during this period, such as flash, blinking zigzag lines, dark spots, dark and blinding, etc., as well as visual deformation and object color change. There are also signs of the body, such as a limb or a numbness in the face, an abnormal sensation, which lasts for a few minutes to an hour.

(2) headache period. There was a temporal or posterior pulsating headache. It can also be manifested as total headache, unilateral or bilateral frontal headache and non-common occipital headache. Headache often begins in the frontal, temporal, and posterior orbital areas, spreading to the side or the whole head. It can also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, horrible smell, and fatigue. Headache duration is 2 ~ 10 hours, a few can reach 1 ~ 2 days, the child lasts 2 ~ 8 hours.

(3) late headache. After the headache has subsided, patients often show fatigue, tiredness, weakness and appetite.

2. Migraine without aura.

Migraine without aura is the most common type of migraine. There is a lack of typical aura before onset, often in bilateral temporal and periorbital pain, which can be pulsatile, recurrent headache, and vomiting. Headache lasts for a long period of time, and can be a few days. Seizures can be painful and can cause a headache to terminate. The occurrence of women without aura is mostly related to menstruation.

In addition to the above two types of migraine, there are also some special types of migraine, such as hemiplegic migraine, basal migraine, complex migraine, and ophthalmic paralysis migraine. If the symptoms of migraine are found, the treatment must be taken promptly, the cause of migraine is complicated, and timely diagnosis can win valuable time for treatment.


What about migraines

Most of the time, migraines don’t have a serious impact on our health, but it’s a constant problem, what if we have a migraine? There are many myths about how people treat migraines, such as those who take painkillers after they have migraines. The purpose of the treatment is to relieve or terminate the headache, relieve the symptoms and prevent the recurrence of headache.

If people with chronic migraines, it is recommended to visit the hospital in time to find out the cause. And the doctor will prescribe medications that are appropriate to relieve and prevent migraines. Aura migraine can be used in the early stages of the attack, but should be used with a minimum of effective dose to reduce adverse reactions.

Patients who suffer from migraines can also relieve and prevent disease by doing the following self-healing methods.

1, rubbing his temples: every morning wake up and before going to sleep at night, with both hands middle finger according to the temporal circle rubbing, first along the circle of seven to eight, inverse knead again seven to eight laps, repeated several times, a few days in a row, migraine can reduce greatly.

2, hot water immersion hand: migraine attacks, the hands can be immersed in a hot water, the water temperature with the hand enters the water after can bear the limit advisable, insist on for half an hour or so, can make hand vasodilation, brain blood reduced correspondingly, thus make migraine gradually ease.

3, combs the pain points: the ten fingers of both hands, in the most painful head, like a comb for mild comb the fast, comb the repeated 100 times, every time a day early, middle and late each do it again, can rise to alleviate the pain.


Daily precautions for migraines.

Migraine is often to also hurried to also in a hurry, let people at a loss, people treat migraine in life there are many pitfalls, all affect the treatment of migraine, migraine pay attention to what?

1.Adjust your sleep schedule. Staying up late and sleeping on a regular basis is also a cause of migraines, so adjust your daily routine.

2.Adjust your mood. Depressed or emotional volatility will induce migraine, migraine is often with the woman’s menstrual period, so, usually pay attention to the stability of their emotions, to keep positive mood.

3. Diet adjustment. Eat more delicate, easy digestion and absorption of food, feed more fresh vegetables and fruits, especially green vegetables, diet acrimony, the taste of food, such as high tyramine food, coffee, chocolate, etc are likely to trigger a migraine. Alcohol, ice cream, beef sausage, meat marinade, soy sauce and so on are also food for migraines.

Take painkillers moderately, and overdose can lead to a rebound in migraines. Moderate to severe migraine requires a doctor to prescribe certain medications for treatment.

In order to improve the condition of migraine, in addition to the systematic treatment, People’s Daily life care is also indispensable, so it is necessary to keep the combination.


How to prevent migraine?

A migraine treatment is divided into stage and prevention stage, in the face of the frequent migraines, everyone was very helpless, for most people, how to prevent migraine is must understand, so what preventive measures should be taken?

Frequent migraine headache, acute treatment is invalid, or because of side effects and contraindications to acute treatment, can lead to permanent special variant of the neurologic deficits for migraine patients should be from the two aspects of drug therapy and drug therapy to prevent. Nonpharmacological treatments in strengthen the propaganda, to establish scientific and correct control ideas and goals, maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoid because mental stress and psychological pressure, lack of sleep, and a strong smell of noise induced migraine.

In order to prevent migraines, we should pay attention to the rule of life, avoid excessive fatigue and excessive pressure, avoid eating some food with the possibility of inducing, and eat regularly. Regular exercise also helps reduce migraines. If we all know how to prevent migraines and conscientiously fulfill them in our lives, we can certainly reduce the frequency of migraines in our lives.

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