Why is sadness so heartbreaking? Why does the heart ache when sad?

Do you feel your heart ache when you hear the bad news? The physiological knowledge tells us that the heart is only a symbol of love and pain, and the real pain sensation is manifested in the cortex of the brain. However, in the face of negative emotions, the chest does feel pain, and why?

Physiological researchers at the university of Virginia believe that the response in the chest may be related to the anterior cingulate cortex. The area of the brain is considered associated with the regulation of emotion, under pressure, the anterior cingulate cortex is very active, will further stimulate the sympathetic nerve, and sympathetic nerve in the brain stem and connected to the chest and abdomen, triggering similar to the feeling of heartache. Earlier aalto university, turku university and the university of tampere in Finland, researchers test of 700 participants found that although the cultural background is different, people in the face of different body caused by emotional response patterns are surprisingly similar. For example, anger, anxiety, and fear can trigger a strong chest response. Similarly, the feeling of joy and love can also be felt in other parts of the body.

According to the science and technology daily, excessive sadness leads to “broken heart syndrome”. The report said, ms wu, 46, that lives in the mother after the sudden death of the news, suddenly feel stuffy pain after breastbone, accompanied by heart palpitations, your breath and sweat, to take “available kyushin pills” condition without any improvement. In the department of cardiology at the local hospital, the myocardium was dilated like a balloon, but the coronary angiography showed no abnormality. The doctor detailed the patient’s experience and identified her as “broken heart syndrome” caused by grief. A few days later, Ms. Wu, who was feeling calmer, was released from hospital.


According to heilongjiang province cardio-cerebrovascular disease prevention and control, head of the office, the first hospital affiliated to HaYiDa cardiology, professor, director of the field is introduced, the science study found that people, especially women, in the emotional hit by a sudden, heart may be out of shape, even caused part of myocardial necrosis.

Field said, “broken heart syndrome”, some say the “octopus bottle syndrome”, “stress cardiomyopathy”, or called “onset of left ventricular apex department”, was first reported in 1990 by Japanese scholars. When the syndrome occurs, the image shows the patient’s left ventricular systolic profile similar to that of the Japanese fisherman’s “octopus bottle”, a small, undersized tool that catches the octopus. As an important inducement of “broken heart syndrome”, mental stimulation has been recognized. A multi-center retrospective study found that 20 percent of patients with “broken heart syndrome” had mental stimulation before onset, such as accidental death or a violent argument. In particular, when acute episodes occur, symptoms such as chest pain, pulmonary edema, shortness of breath, shock and heart failure are most likely to occur.

“Miserable” of these problems, the Johns Hopkins university cardiologist · champion hunter’s answer was, when faced with excessive or sudden “emotional stress, the body releases a lot of adrenaline and other chemicals, and into the blood vessels. These substances, such as toxins in the heart, affect normal muscle activity, or shrink the capillaries, and weaken the heart’s ability to beat, causing symptoms similar to heart disease.


Resolving grief requires expression and time.

The field explains that “broken heart syndrome” is most likely to occur after a major emotional shock. Such as brokenhearted, the family member drives a crane west, suddenly faced huge fear and so on. As a kind of disease of heart because of sex, people encounter this kind of situation in attack, the sympathetic nerve catecholamine, myocardial adrenaline, etc, under the stimulation of these hormones secretion, result in ventricular systolic heart weakness, a spherical apex change. At this point, the heart’s ability to beat suddenly “slides”, can be accompanied by severe chest pain or breathing difficulties. In other words, when stress occurs, the body releases adrenaline and cortisol, which attacks the heart, and returns to normal after emotional stability.

In the field, most of the sadness that people produce is disturbing, such as fear, helplessness, anger, guilt, tension, anxiety, depression and sadness. Along with these feelings of sadness are numbness, hearing, hallucinations, hallucinations, confusion, dreams and other mental behaviors. Drugs such as drinking or taking sedatives, and trying to avoid feelings of anger and sadness, are unhealthy strategies for grieving people to avoid pain. To help such people realize that mourning and related behaviors are normal, they should be encouraged to speak in moderation.

“For some people, sadness is a chronic pain that takes time to heal.” The field says, “such as the anniversary of death, the birthday of the deceased or special festivals, can cause people’s sadness. But sad around the relatives and friends, because of the lack of the cognition, often expect the parties to return to normal life and schedule as soon as possible, the results make sad person trying to suppress those who mourn, for normal typical acute grief into complex chronic mourn, they “build” into one of the obstacles to a healing.”


Suppressing your emotions is harmful.

Life, who would have bad feelings one way or the other, is good at control and regulate mood, will be able to promptly resolve and overcome it, and then maximize reduce adverse emotional stimulation and damage. The field emphasizes that “the anger is not the color”, the forced suppression of the emotion exposed, will bring great harm to people’s physical health. Because of changes in heart activity and blood vessels and sweat glands, the contraction of intestine, stomach and smooth muscle changes with emotion, but it is not controlled by people’s subjective will. Those who appear to be in control of their emotions are actually more likely to move their emotions into the body and damage their internal organs. Therefore, if a bad mood has been produced, it should be dispatched and vented in the proper way, so that it should not be confined to the heart.

The field suggests that, once lost in love or bereavement, it is time to find a friend to pour out or remember, to commemorate the experience. Some people try their best to forget, but remember that it is not good for health. If it’s painful, it’s better to cry. Dr. William Foley, an American biochemist, found that when we cry, we secrete more hormones and neurotransmitters, which help to rid the body of chemicals that are secreted by negative emotions. Stress field, the psychological of heart disease, are functional, generally do not have physical changes, with the passage of time, psychological emotional calm, the symptoms of a heart attack is “ebb tide”.

It is interesting to note that the American college of hart mads of Caroline michaela in study the relationship between the “emotional health and physical health” found that when feelings, like love, appreciate and satisfy will stimulate the secretion of pituitary pituitrin, can relax the nervous system, relieve depression, in the oxygen content of each organization will increase significantly, as after the rehabilitation. The electrocardiogram also shows that when people are grateful, the brain and heart also have synchronous electrical activity, which makes the organs more efficient and the mood more soothing. At this time, the state of mind is just like the tranquil and beautiful landscape of the ancient poem, “under the east fence of the chrysanthemum, you can see nanshan”.

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